Shotokan Glossary of Karate Terms

General Terms

Japanese

Dojo

Sensei

Rei

Migi

Kamae-te

Mawatte

Gi

Kime

Kihon

Kumite

Jodan

Chudan

Gedan

Dojo Kun

Seiza

Yoi

Hidari

Hajime

Yame

Obi

Kiai

Kata

Zanshin

Oss

Sempai

 

Dachi - Stances

Japanese

Heiko dachi

Musubi dachi

Kiba dachi

Kokutsu dachi

Heisoku dachi

Zenkutsu dachi

Shiko dachi

 

Uke - Blocks

Japanese

Gedan Barai

Soto Uke

Shuto uke

Nagashi uke

Empi uke

Morote uke

Age Uke

Uchi Uke

Tate Shuto uke

Haishu uke

Juji uke

Kakewake uke

 

Tsuki - Punches

Japanese

Kara/Choku tsuki

Kizami tsuki

Kagi tsuki

Sanbon tsuki

Oi tsuki

Gyaku tsuki

Ren tsuki

 

Uchi - Strikes

Japanese

Age empi uchi

Mawashi empi uchi

Tate empi uchi

Uraken uchi

Nukite

Haito uchi

Yoko empi uchi

Ushiro empi uchi

Shuto uchi

Tetsui uchi

Teisho uchi

 

Geri - Kicks

Japanese

Mae geri

Yoko geri kekomi

Ushiro geri

Ren geri

Yoko geri keage

Mawashi geri

Hiza geri

Nidan geri

 

Kumite - Sparring

Japanese

Sanbon Kumite

Kihon Ippon Kumite

Kaishi Ippon Kumite

Gohon Kumite

Jiyu Ippon Kumite

Jiyu Kumite

Translation

Training Hall

Instructor

Bow

Right

Move to ready position

Turn

Karate suit

Focus

Basic techniques

Sparring

Head

Middle body

Lower body

Dojo code

Kneel

Ready

Left

Start/begin

Finish/stop

Belt

Martial shout

Formal exercises

Martial state of mind or awareness

Respectful greeting or acknowledgment or understanding of a command

Senior Student

 

 

Translation

Natural stance

Informal stance

Straddle stance

Back stance

Feet together stance

Front stance

Open leg/Sumo stance

 

 

Translation

Downward block

Outside block

Knife hand block

Sweeping block

Elbow block

Augmented block

Rising block

Inside block

Vertical knife hand block

Back hand block

X block

Wedge block

 

 

Translation

Straight punch

Front hand punch

Hook punch

Three punch combination

Stepping punch

Reverse punch

Two punch combination

 

 

Translation

Rising elbow strike

Round elbow strike

Downward elbow strike

Back fist strike

Spear hand thrust

Ridge hand strike

Side elbow strike

Reverse elbow strike

Knife hand strike

Hammer fist strike

Palm heel strike

 

 

Translation

Front kick

Side thrust kick

Back kick

Kicking combinations stepping between kicks

Side snap kick

Roundhouse kick

Knee kick

Two kicks with same leg without step between

 

 

Translation

Three step sparring

Basic one-step sparring

Reaction sparring

Five step sparring

Semi-free style sparring

Free style sparring

© 2019 by Sheffield Shotokan Karate and/or its respective author. All rights reserved.

This website uses cookies, some may have been set already. Please see our Privacy Policy for details.